Tuesday, February 26, 2013

The Metéora:City in the sky

The Metéora is one of the largest and most important complexes of Eastern Orthodox monasteries in Greece.Specifically preceding the town of Kalambaka, within the north-western edge of Greece’s plain of Thessaly. Meteora is a Greek word means "suspended in the air”. Massive rock formations reach practically 400m to the skies. Well balanced all over 24 pillars tend to be monasteries, visible from the clouds. The giant rock pedestals were created an estimated 60 million years ago.


 Many geologists and historians have tried to understand about its creation and try to give a theory about it, but no doctrine has been fully proven. It’s a UNESCO World heritage Site. It is stated that this first people to inhabit Meteora found its way to the particular 9th Century. Seeing that moment elevated the cave dwellers grew in a small local community focused around the expanding amount of monasteries, which often by the fourteenth Millennium functioned seeing that refuge through Turkish intruders.Six from the monasteries will still be in operation. Among the six monasteries the highest, largest and oldest is the Great Meteoron.The Great Meteoron founded in the 14th Century by Saint Athanasios.


The second largest Monastery is the Holy Monastery of Varlaam. Compared to the others, the Holy Monastery of Rousanou is lower in height, making it more approachable. The Holy Monastery of Rousanou was founded around 1545.But during World War II it was damaged by the Germans. Since 1988 it has been assumed by nuns. The Holy Monastery associated with St Nicholas houses a single-nave chapel which has a little dome, furnished through the 16th-century Cretan artist. The Holy Monastery of St Stephanos was founded around 1400 and is now a convent with wonderful views of the Pinios River. The Monastery of the Holy Trinity is accessible by climbing 140 steep steps. For this reason it is one of the least visited.


 Artwork icons is a skill that many of the monks and nuns continue to practice and you will probably see them completion their latest piece of art. The old katholikon at Saint Stephanos, which has been rebuilt inside 1545, is still standing. But it was heavily damaged during World War II and the civil war throughout the 1940, and so a lot of the icons contain bullet holes. The climate in the region varies greatly according to the time of year. It may be sweltering during summertime, but extremely cold in wintertime. Rainfall is generally heavy all year round, especially at higher altitudes, but the driest time of the year is summer season.


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